Family Pseudochromidae - Dottybacks
  Order
:
Pseudochromidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 24 | Species : 152 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Marine, rarely brackish. One spine on pelvic fin. Pelvic fin insertion below or before pectoral fin base. Lateral line variable (interrupted or continuous in some). Attains about 50 cm maximum length in Congrogadinae; mostly below 11 cm. Small, often brilliantly colored elongate fishes. Most species remain near crevices or among rubble. They feed on small invertebrates and fishes. The male guards a ball of eggs deposited by the female. Some species are mouthbrooders.
  Etymology
:
Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, chromis = a fish without identificaction, perhaps a fish similar to perch; cited by Plinius ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | | | incertae | | | Pseudochromidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pseudochromidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Pseudochrominae
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel, 1849
acceptedseniororiginal
! Pseudochromis fusca Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudochromis adustus Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Onar nebulosum De Vis, 1885
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
! Pseudochromis aurea Seale, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis rex Seale, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudochromis ransonneti Steindachner, 1870
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudochromis ranjhai Klausewitz, 1961
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis wilsoni (Whitley, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudochromis jamesi Schultz, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis aldabraensis Bauchot-Boutin, 1958
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis dutoiti (non Smith, 1955)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis pesi Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis flammicauda Lubbock & Goldman, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis melas Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis pesi (non Lubbock, 1975)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis linda Randall & Stanaland, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis olivaceus (non Rüppell, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pseudochromis pylei Randall & McCosker, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis reticulatus Gill & Woodland, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis steenei Gill & Randall, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis kolythrus Gill & Winterbottom, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis omanensis Gill & Mee, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis striatus Gill, Shao & Chen, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis viridis Gill & Allen, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pseudochromis aurulentus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis cometes Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis litus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis pictus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis lugubris Gill & Allen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis tonozukai Gill & Allen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis chrysospilus Gill & Zajonz, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis erdmanni Gill & Allen, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis fuligifinis Gill & Williams, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis socotraensis Gill & Zajonz, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis ammeri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis sp. 3 Not applicable
synonymotherother
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis eichleri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis colei (non Herre, 1933)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis rutilus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis tigrinus Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Assiculus punctatus Richardson, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis punctatus (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Pseudochromis muelleri Klunzinger, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal
Cichlops filamentosus Macleay, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
Cichlops cyclophthalmus Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymseniororiginal
Dampieria cyclophthalma (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
Dampieria cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
! Labracinus cyclophthalma (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
Julis horsfieldii Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal
Halichoeres horsfieldi (Valenciennes, 1839)
ambiguousothernew
Cichlops melanotaenia Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Dampieria melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Labracinus melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Dampiera melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Cichlops spilopterus Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Dampieria spiloptera (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Cichlops hellmuthii Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Cichlops trispilos Bleeker, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau, 1875)
acceptedseniornew
Dampieria lineata Castelnau, 1875
synonymseniororiginal
! Labricinus lineatus (Castelnau, 1875)
synonymseniornew
Dampieria ignita Scott, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Labracinus longipinnis (Ogilby, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
Ogilbyina queenslandiae (Saville-Kent, 1893)
acceptedseniornew
Polyacanthus queenslandiae Saville-Kent, 1893
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudochromis queenslandiae (Saville-Kent, 1893)
synonymseniornew
Ogilbyina salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis salvati Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966
synonymseniororiginal
Cypho salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966)
synonymseniornew
Cypho purpurascens (De Vis, 1884)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Cypho zaps Gill, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Assiculoides desmonotus Gill & Hutchins, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal
Manonichthys splendens (Fowler, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Manonichthys polynemus (Fowler, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Manonichthys paranox (Lubbock & Goldman, 1976)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis paranox Lubbock & Goldman, 1976
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Manonichthys jamali Allen & Erdmann, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Manonichthys scintilla Gill & Williams, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Oxycercichthys veliferus (Lubbock, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Ogilbyina velifera (Lubbock, 1980)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Pholidochromis marginata (Lubbock, 1980)
synonymseniornew
Pholidochromis cerasina Gill & Tanaka, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Pictichromis porphyrea (Lubbock & Goldman, 1974)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis porphyreus Lubbock & Goldman, 1974
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Pictichromis paccagnaellae (Axelrod, 1973)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Pictichromis diadema (Lubbock & Randall, 1978)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis diadema Lubbock & Randall, 1978
synonymseniororiginal
Pictichromis aurifrons (Lubbock, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Pictichromis ephippiata (Gill, Pyle & Earle, 1996)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis ephippiatus Gill, Pyle & Earle, 1996
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis paccagnellae (non Axelrod, 1973)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pictichromis caitlinae Allen, Gill & Erdmann, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Pictichromis aurifrons (non Lubbock, 1980)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pseudochromis aurifrons (non Lubbock, 1980)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pictichromis dinar Randall & Schultz, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Anisochrominae
acceptedseniororiginal
Anisochromis straussi Springer, Smith & Fraser, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
Anisochromis mascarenensis Gill & Fricke, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Anisochromis kenyae (non Smith, 1954)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Congrogadinae
Congrogadus subducens (Richardson, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Machaerium subducens Richardson, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
! Congradus subducens (Richardson, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Machaerium nebulatum Bleeker, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal
Congrogadus nebulatus (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
! Congrogadus subulatus Günther, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Congrogadus reticulatus (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Machaerium reticulum Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Stenophus marmoratus Castelnau, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal
Stenophus obscurus Castelnau, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal
Hierichthys encryptes Jordan & Fowler, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal
Congrogadus encryptes (Jordan & Fowler, 1902)
synonymjuniornew
Congrogadus hierichthys Jordan & Richardson, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal
Congrogadoides hierichthys (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Congrogadus malayanus (Weber, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Congrogadus amplimaculatus (Winterbottom, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Congrogadoides spinifer (non Borodin, 1933)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Congrogadus winterbottomi Gill, Mooi & Hutchins, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal
Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
! Haliophis maculatus Not applicable
synonymothermisapplied
Muraena guttata Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Muraena maculata Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal
Haliophis aethiopus Winterbottom, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal
Haliophis diademus Winterbottom & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Haliophis malayanus (non Weber, 1909)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Halidesmus scapularis Günther, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal
Porogrammus capensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916
synonymjuniororiginal
Halidesmus thomaseni (Nielsen, 1961)
acceptedseniornew
Pholioides thomaseni Nielsen, 1961
synonymseniororiginal
Tentaculus waltairiensis Rao & Dutt, 1966
synonymjuniororiginal
Halidesmus polytretus Winterbottom, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal
Halidesmus coccus Winterbottom & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal
Halidesmus socotraensis Gill & Zajonz, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Halimuraena shakai Winterbottom, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Halimuraena lepopareia Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Halimuraena hexagonata (non Smith, 1952)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Rusichthys plesiomorphus Winterbottom, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Rusichthys explicitus Winterbottom, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal
Natalichthys ori Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Halidesmus scapularis (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Natalichthys leptus Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Halidesmus scapularis (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Natalichthys sam Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Halimuraenoides isostigma Maugé & Bardach, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiopinae
Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker, 1858
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops annae (Weber, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops rosae Schultz, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis rosae (Schultz, 1943)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudochromis revellei (Schultz, 1953)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops collare Gill, Randall & Edwards, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops immaculatus Gill & Edwards, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops occidentalis Gill & Edwards, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops wassi Gill & Edwards, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Chlidichthys bibulus (Smith, 1954)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys auratus Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops auratus (Lubbock, 1975)
synonymseniornew
Chlidichthys rubiceps Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys abruptus Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys randalli Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys smithae Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys cacatuoides Gill & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys chagosensis Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops typus (non Bleeker, 1858)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Chlidichthys inornatus (non Lubbock, 1976)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Chlidichthys clibanarius Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Chlidichthys sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Chlidichthys foudioides Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Amsichthys knighti (Allen, 1987)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Lubbockichthys tanakai Gill & Senou, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Lubbockichthys myersi Gill & Edwards, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudoplesiops sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. 3 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pectinochromis lubbocki (Edwards & Randall, 1983)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoplesiops lubbocki Edwards & Randall, 1983
synonymseniororiginal
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