Family Atherinidae - Silversides
  Order
:
Atherinidae Atherinidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 14 | Species : 71 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   lower   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Silversides are distributed from tropical to temperate waters. Two widely separated dorsal fins, the first with flexible spines and the second with one spine followed by soft rays; anal fin with one spine followed by soft rays; pectoral fins high on body; mouth small and terminal; no lateral line; broad silvery lateral band (black in preserved specimens); pelvic fins usually abdominal; scales relatively large (usually 31-50 in lateral series, more in Labidesthes); vertebrae 32-60 (fewer in Stenatherina). Reported maximum length 60 cm. Most species are marine. However, there are about 50 species confined to freshwater and others that enter freshwater. Feed on zooplankton.
  Etymology
:
Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | | Cichlomorphae | Atheriniformes | Atherinoidei | | Atherinidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Atherinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Atherininae
Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherina athaerina Nardo, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal
Hepsetia boyeri (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
! Atherina boïeri Risso, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Atherina mochon Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Hepsetia mochon (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina boyeri caspia Eichwald, 1831
synonymjuniorchange in species
Atherina caspia Eichwald, 1831
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in species
Atherina pontica Eichwald, 1831
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Atherina risso Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina sarda Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina lacustris Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina anterina Nardo, 1847
ambiguousotheroriginal
Atherina rissoi Günther, 1861
ambiguousotheroriginal
Atherina hyalosoma Cocco, 1885
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Atherina riqueti Roule, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Atherina sardinella Fowler, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina bonapartii Boulenger, 1907
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Atherina mochon aegyptia Boulenger, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina presbyter Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal
Hepsetia presbyter (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Atherina breviceps Valenciennes, 1835
acceptedseniororiginal
Hepsetia breviceps (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Atherina parvipinnis Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina lopeziana Rossignol & Blache, 1961
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherina hepsetus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherina boyeri (non Risso, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherinosoma microstoma (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina microstoma Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinosoma vorax Castelnau, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinichthys modesta Castelnau, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal
Pranesella endorae Whitley, 1934
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinosoma elongata (Klunzinger, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina elongata Klunzinger, 1879
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinason hepsetoides (Richardson, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina hepsetoides Richardson, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
Atherina dannevigi McCulloch, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Kestratherina esox (Klunzinger, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinichthys esox Klunzinger, 1872
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinason esox (Klunzinger, 1872)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinichthys picta Castelnau, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal
Kestratherina brevirostris Pavlov, Ivantsoff, Last & Crowley, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Leptatherina presbyteroides (Richardson, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina presbyteroides Richardson, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinosoma presbyteroides (Richardson, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Atherinichthys edelensis Castelnau, 1873
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinichthys obscurus Castelnau, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina tamarensis Johnston, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Leptatherina wallacei (Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter, 1982)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinosoma wallacei Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter, 1982
synonymseniororiginal
! Atherinosoma wallcei Prince, Ivantsoff & Potter, 1982
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinomorinae
Atherinomorus stipes (Müller & Troschel, 1848)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina stipes Müller & Troschel, 1848
synonymseniororiginal
! Atherinomorphus stipes (Müller & Troschel, 1848)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina velieana Goode & Bean, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina lacunosa Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinomorus lacunosa (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinomorous lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Atherina affinis Bennett, 1832
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina punctata Bennett, 1833
synonymjuniororiginal
! Atherina puntata Bennett, 1833
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina morrisi Jordan & Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherion morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Hepsetia morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Pranesus morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Pranesus pinguis mineri Nichols & Roemhild, 1951
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Pranesus maculatus Taylor, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Hepsetia pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pranesus pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atherina vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherina forskali (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atherina forskalii (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pranesus forskalii (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Allanetta forskali (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Atherina forskalli (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Allanetta bleekeri (non Günther, 1861)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus ogilbyi (non Whitley, 1930)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pranesus ogilbyi (non Whitley, 1930)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherinomorus pinguis (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinomorus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Atherina pinguis Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal
Pranesus pinguis pinguis (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
Atherina pectoralis Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherina lacunosa (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherinomorus lacunosus (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina endrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal
Pranesus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Atherina eendrachtensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal
! Atherinimorus endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinomorous endrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinomorus eendrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Pranesus eendrachtensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
Atherina bimanensis Bleeker, 1848
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Atherinomorus duodecimalis (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus lineatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus ogilbyi (non Whitley, 1930)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pranesus ogilbyi (non Whitley, 1930)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherinomorus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal
Hypoatherina vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
Atherina cylindrica Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinomorus cylindricus (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
Pranesus ogilbyi Whitley, 1930
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherinomorus ogilbyi (Whitley, 1930)
synonymjuniornew
Atherina pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pranesus endrachtensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina duodecimalis Valenciennes, 1835
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinamorous duodecimalia (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinomorous duodecimalis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Atherinomorus endrachtensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus cylindricus (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell, 1838)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina forskalii Rüppell, 1838
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Atherina lacunosa (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Atherinomorus lacunosus (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherina pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pranesus pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atherinomorus lineatus (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina lineata Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal
Paratherina lineata (Günther, 1872)
synonymseniornew
Atherinomorus endrachtensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus insularum (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina insularum Jordan & Evermann, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Pranesus insularum (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus insularum insularum (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Atherinomorus lacunosus (non Forster & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pranesus pinguis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atherinomorus regina (Seale, 1910)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina regina Seale, 1910
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta regina (Seale, 1910)
synonymseniornew
! Atherinomorus reginae (Seale, 1910)
synonymseniornew
Atherinomorus duodecimalis (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus balabacensis (non Seale, 1910)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherinomorus aetholepis Kimura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherinomorus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Atherinomorus cylindricus (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherion elymus Jordan & Starks, 1901
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherion elymus freyi Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherion elymus asper Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Atherion maccullochi (non Ogilby, 1915)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atherion maccullochi Jordan & Hubbs, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherion africanum Smith, 1965
acceptedseniororiginal
! Atherion africanus Smith, 1965
synonymseniororiginal
Alepidomus evermanni (Eigenmann, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina evermanni Eigenmann, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Hypoatherina temminckii (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina temminckii Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
Stenatherina temminckii (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Atherina temmincki Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
! Hypoatheria temminckii (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Hypotherina temminckii (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Stenatherina temmincki (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Atherina afra Peters, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Allanetta afra (Peters, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
Atherina cylindrica Klunzinger, 1870
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Hypoatherina cylindrica (Klunzinger, 1870)
ambiguousothernew
Atherina gobio Klunzinger, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Hypoatherina gobio (Klunzinger, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Atherina uisila Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Hypoatherina uisila (Jordan & Seale, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniornew
Atherina valenciennei Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta valenciennei (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus valenciennei (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Atherina valenciennesi (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Atherina valenciennesii (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Atherina bleekeri Günther, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Allanetta bleekeri (Günther, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Hypoatherina bleekeri (Günther, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Hypoatherina woodwardi (non Jordan & Starks, 1901)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Hypoatherina tsurugae (Jordan & Starks, 1901)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina tsurugae Jordan & Starks, 1901
synonymseniororiginal
Hypoatherina woodwardi (Jordan & Starks, 1901)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina woodwardi Jordan & Starks, 1901
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta woodwardi (Jordan & Starks, 1901)
synonymseniornew
Hypoatherina ovalaua (Herre, 1935)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina ovalaua Herre, 1935
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta ovalaua (Herre, 1935)
synonymseniornew
Pranesus ovalauus (Herre, 1935)
synonymseniornew
Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley, 1948)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Atherinomorus tropicalis (Whitley, 1948)
synonymseniornew
Taeniomembras tropicalis (Whitley, 1948)
synonymseniornew
Atherina lacunosa (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Hypoatherina lacunosa (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pranesus lacunosus (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Hypoatherina barnesi Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hypoatheria barnesi Schultz, 1953
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Hypoatherina temminckii (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliednew
Allanetta afra (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliednew
Atherina afra (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Hypoatherina uisila (non Jordan & Seale, 1906)
misappliedmisappliednew
Hypoatherina crenolepis (Schultz, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
Allanetta crenolepis Schultz, 1953
synonymseniororiginal
Hypoatherina valenciennei (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliednew
Hypoatherina woodwardi (non Jordan & Starks, 1901)
misappliedmisappliednew
Hypoatherina celebesensis Sasaki & Kimura, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Hypoatherina golanii Sasaki & Kimura, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Hypoatherina lunata Sasaki & Kimura, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Hypoatherina woodwardi (non Jordan & Starks, 1901)
misappliedmisappliednew
Hypoatherina macrophthalma Sasaki & Kimura, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Stenatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina panatela Jordan & Richardson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
Hypoatherina panatela (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
! Stenatherina panetela (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Stenatherina temminckii (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliednew
Teramulus kieneri Smith, 1965
acceptedseniororiginal
Atherina duodecimalis (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Teramulus waterloti (Pellegrin, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Atherina duodecimalis (non Valenciennes, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Bleheratherininae
Bleheratherina pierucciae Aarn & Ivantsoff, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalinae
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Atherina pauciradiata Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Craterocephalus eyresii (Steindachner, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinichthys eyresii Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Craterocephalus fluviatilis (non McCulloch, 1912)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Atherina honoriae Ogilby, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Stenatherina honoriae (Ogilby, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Atherinosoma microstoma (non Günther, 1861)
misappliedmisappliednew
Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina mugiloides McCulloch, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Allanetta mugiloides (McCulloch, 1912)
synonymseniornew
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Craterocephalus pauciradiatus (non Günther, 1861)
misappliedmisappliednew
Craterocephalus honoriae (non Ogilby, 1912)
misappliedmisappliednew
Craterocephalus capreoli (non Rendahl, 1922)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Craterocephalus pauciradiatus (non Günther, 1861)
misappliedmisappliednew
Craterocephalus randi Nichols & Raven, 1934
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Quiris stramineus Whitley, 1950
synonymseniororiginal
Quirichthys stramineus (Whitley, 1950)
synonymseniornew
Craterocephalus dalhousiensis Ivantsoff & Glover, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum fulvus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
Craterocephalus helenae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus kailolae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus lentiginosus Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus marianae Ivantsoff, Crowley & Allen, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus munroi Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus marjoriae (non Whitley, 1948)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Craterocephalus amniculus Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus centralis Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus gloveri Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus pimatuae Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus fistularis Crowley, Ivantsoff & Allen, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal
Craterocephalus laisapi Larson, Ivantsoff & Crowley, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Sashatherina giganteus Ivantsoff & Allen, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
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