Family Synodontidae - Lizardfishes
  Order
:
Synodontidae Synodontidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 75 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Supramaxilla small, if present. Branchiostegal rays 8-26. Vertebrae 39-67. Non-hermaphroditic, except in the monoecious Bathysaurus. Small cylindrical fishes with spineless fins and large mouth full of slender sharp teeth, even on tongue. Voracious predators of small fishes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, syn, sym = all together, united + Greek, odous = teeth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Cyclosquamata | | | | | | | Aulopiformes | Aulopoidei | | Synodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Synodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Synodontinae
Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Esox synodus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Saurus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Synodus fasciatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus meleagrides Valenciennes, 1834
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus meleagrides (Valenciennes, 1834)
synonymjuniornew
! Saurus meleagris Valenciennes, 1850
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Saurus atlanticus Johnson, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus atlanticus (Johnson, 1863)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Synodus nicholsi Breder, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal
! Saurus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida gracilis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida nebulosa (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo saurus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Osmerus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Saurus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Tirus marmoratus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Osmerus fasciatus Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus fasciatus (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Stolephorus risso Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Alpismaris risso (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus vulgaris Cloquet, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus griseus Lowe, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal
Laurida mediterranea Swainson, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus trivirgatus Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus cinereus Hildebrand, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus foetens (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliednew
Aulopus filamentosus (non Bloch, 1792)
misappliedmisappliednew
Trachinocephalus myops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurus lacerta (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus lacerta (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus foetens (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo foetens Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo variegatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal
Saurus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
! Synodus variegates (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
Salmo varius Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus varius (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Saurida rubrotaeniata Liénard, 1891
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus houlti McCulloch, 1921
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus englemani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus englemani (Schultz, 1953)
synonymjuniornew
! Synodus engelmani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
! Synodus englamani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus synodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Saurus cynodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus indicus (non Day, 1873)
misappliedmisappliednew
Synodus ulae (non Schultz, 1953)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus intermedius Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
! Synodus intermidius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus lucioceps Ayres, 1855
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus indicus Day, 1873
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus dietrichi Kotthaus, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus kaianus (Günther, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus kaianus Günther, 1880
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus scituliceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus poeyi Jordan, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus evermanni Jordan & Bollman, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus lacertinus Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus sageneus Waite, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal
Xystodus banfieldi Ogilby, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Synodus dermatogennis Fowler, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus amaranthus Waples & Randall, 1989
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus variegatus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Synodus fuscus Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus macrops Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus similis McCulloch, 1921
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus bondi Fowler, 1939
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus marchenae Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus sechurae Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus ulae Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus capricornis Cressey & Randall, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus doaki Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus rubromarmoratus Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus gibbsi Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus macrocephalus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus cresseyi Prokofiev, 2008
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus oculeus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus randalli Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus tectus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus usitatus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus falcatus Waples & Randall, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus janus Waples & Randall, 1988
synonymjuniororiginal
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Synodus ulae (non Schultz, 1953)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Synodus lobeli Waples & Randall, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Synodus taiwanensis Chen, Ho & Shao, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus mascarensis Prokofiev, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus orientalis Randall & Pyle, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus isolatus Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus doaki (non Russell & Cressey, 1979)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Synodus mundyi Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus pylei Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus sanguineus Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus vityazi Ho, Prokofiev & Shao, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus cresseyi (non Prokofiev, 2008)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Synodus macrostigmus Frable, Luther & Baldwin, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Synodus nigrotaeniatus Allen, Erdmann & Peristiwady, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal
Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
! Trachynocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Salmo myops Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Saurus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Synodus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Trachicephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Trichinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Osmerus lemniscatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus lemniscatus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus truncatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus trachinus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Trachinocephalus trachinus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus limbatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal
Trachinocephalus limbatus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Goodella hypozona Ogilby, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Saurus foetens (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Salmo foetens (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Trachinocephalus gauguini Polanco Fernandez, Acero P. & Betancur-R., 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Harpadontinae
Harpadon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Osmerus nehereus Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal
! Harpadon nahereus (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Harpadon nebereus (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Harpodon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Harpadon microchir Günther, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal
! Harpodon microchir Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
Harpadon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal
! Harpodon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889
synonymseniororiginal
Harpadon squamosus (Alcock, 1891)
acceptedseniornew
Harpodon squamosus Alcock, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
Harpadon erythraeus Klausewitz, 1983
acceptedseniororiginal
! Harpodon erythraeus Klausewitz, 1983
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo tumbil Bloch, 1795
synonymseniororiginal
Saurus argyrophanes Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida argyrophanes (Richardson, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Saurida australis Castelnau, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida truculenta Macleay, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida ferox Ramsay, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida gracila (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida gracilata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida gracillis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
Saurus minutus Lesueur, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida tombil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida nebulosa (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Aulopus elongatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus undosquamis Richardson, 1848
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida undosquamia (Richardson, 1848)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida undosquammis (Richardson, 1848)
synonymseniornew
Saurida grandisquamis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida argyrophanes (non Richardson, 1846)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida gracilis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida argentea Macleay, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida micropectoralis (non Shindo & Yamada, 1972)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Saurida filamentosa Ogilby, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida macrolepis Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida undosquamis (non Richardson, 1848)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida grandisquamis (non Günther, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
! Saurida caribbaeus Breder, 1927
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida caribbea Breder, 1927
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida suspicio Breder, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida microlepis Wu & Wang, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Saurida parri Norman, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
Trachinocephalus myops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Saurida normani Longley, 1935
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida longimanus Norman, 1939
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida isarankurai Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
! Saurida macropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida micropectaralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida pseudotumbil Dutt & Sagar, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida flamma Waples, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida umeyoshii Inoue & Nakabo, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida golanii Russell, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Saurida lessepsianus Russell, Golani & Tikochinski, 2015
acceptedseniororiginal
! Saurida lessepsenianus Russell, Golani & Tikochinski, 2015
synonymseniororiginal
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