Family Squalidae - Dogfish sharks
  Order
:
Squalidae
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 35 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Temperate. Northern and Southern hemispheres (Atlantic, Indian and Pacific.

Habitat: Juveniles are pelagic, becoming benthic as they mature.

Morphology: Two dorsal fins, each with a spine at the front; teeth on lower jaw not much larger than those on the upper jaw; upper precaudal pit usually present in most species; caudal peduncle with a pair of lateral keels.

Reproduction: Ovoviviparous; females gestating eggs and yolk-sac embryos in the uterus and producing litters of up to 20-32 pups,usually averaging 2-12 pups (number of pups increasing with size of the female); long gestation period, 18-24 months.

  Etymology
:
Latin, squaleo, squalidus = with rough skin. 1591 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Squalidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Squalus acanthis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Squalus achantias Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Squalus canis Forster, 1777
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus fernandinus Molina, 1782
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus antiquorum Leach, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthias antiguorum (Leach, 1818)
synonymjuniornew
Acanthias vulgaris Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthias vulgaris Bonaparte, 1846
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthias linnei Malm, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthias lebruni Vaillant, 1888
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthias commun Navarrete, 1898
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus wakiyae Tanaka, 1918
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus kirki Phillipps, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus whitleyi Phillipps, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus barbouri Howell Rivero, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus tasmaniensis Howell Rivero, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus acanthias africana Myagkov & Kondyurin, 1986
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus acanthias ponticus Myagkov & Kondyurin, 1986
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus spinax (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Spinax suckleyi (non Girard, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus suckleyi (non Girard, 1855)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Acanthias sucklii (non Girard, 1855)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Squalus sucklii (non Girard, 1855)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Fowler, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
! Squalus blainvilii (Risso, 1827)
synonymseniornew
! Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1827)
synonymseniornew
Spinax fernandezianus Guichenot, 1848
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus fernandinus (non Molina, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Spinax suckleyi Girard, 1855
synonymseniororiginal
Acanthias suckleyi (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
! Acanthias sucklii (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
! Squalus sucklii (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Squalus acanthias (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Snyder, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus wakiyae (non Tanaka, 1918)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus megalops (Macleay, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Acanthias megalops Macleay, 1881
synonymseniororiginal
! Squalis megalops (Macleay, 1881)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus probatovi Myagkov & Kondyurin, 1986
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus acanthias (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus fernandinus (non Molina, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Acanthias vulgaris (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
! Squalus mitsukuri Jordan & Snyder, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Squalus acutirostris Chu, Meng & Li, 1984
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus fernandinus (non Molina, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus blainville (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus philippinus (non Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus griffini (non Phillipps, 1931)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus montalbani (non Whitley, 1931)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus japonicus Ishikawa, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus fernandinus (non Molina, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Snyder, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus griffini Phillipps, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal
Flakeus griffini (Phillipps, 1931)
synonymseniornew
Squalus blainville (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus blainvillii (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Squalus megalops (non Macleay, 1881)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Snyder, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus montalbani Whitley, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus philippinus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Squalus cubensis Howell Rivero, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus melanurus Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus rancureli Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus lalannei Baranes, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus albifrons Last, White & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. B Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus altipinnis Last, White & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. C Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus bucephalus Last, Séret & Pogonoski, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Snyder, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus crassispinus Last, Edmunds & Yearsley, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. D Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus edmundsi White, Last & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. C Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus grahami White, Last & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. F Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus hemipinnis White, Last & Yearsley, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. 3 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus nasutus Last, Marshall & White, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. E Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus notocaudatus Last, White & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus raoulensis Duffy & Last, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus formosus White & Iglésias, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus albicaudus Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus megalops (non Macleay, 1881)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus cubensis (non Howell Rivero, 1936)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus bahiensis Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus lobularis Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. B Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus mitsukurii (non Jordan & Snyder, 1903)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus cubensis (non Howell Rivero, 1936)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Squalus quasimodo Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus sp. B Not applicable
synonymotherother
Squalus bassi Viana, de Carvalho & Ebert, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus blainville (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Squalus blainvillei (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus mahia Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus megalops (non Macleay, 1881)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus margaretsmithae Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal
Squalus blainvillei (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus megalops (non Macleay, 1881)
misappliedmisappliednew
Squalus acutipinnis (non Regan, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Cirrhigaleus asper (Merrett, 1973)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus asper Merrett, 1973
synonymseniororiginal
Cirrhigaleus australis White, Last & Stevens, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
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