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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Cynoglossidae Tonguefishes
Subfamily: Cynoglossinae
Genus: Cynoglossus

(See list of species below)



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63 species in
(see list below)
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Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 31.4 cm TL
Cynoglossus abbreviatus (Gray, 1834)

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus abbreviatus
[Three-lined tongue sole]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Cynoglossus acaudatus Gilchrist, 1906

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus acaudatus
[Natal tongue-fish]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Cynoglossus acutirostris Norman, 1939

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus acutirostris
[Sharpnose tonguesole]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Cynoglossus arel (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cynoglossus arel
[Largescale tonguesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 31 cm TL

 
Cynoglossus attenuatus
[Fourline tonguesole]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 44 cm SL
Cynoglossus bilineatus (Lacepède, 1802)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cynoglossus bilineatus
[Fourlined tonguesole]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 24.5 cm TL
Cynoglossus broadhursti Waite, 1905

Photo by Photo by Dowling, C.
 
Cynoglossus broadhursti
[Southern tongue sole]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 40.2 cm SL
Cynoglossus browni Chabanaud, 1949

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus browni
[Nigerian tonguesole]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Cynoglossus cadenati Chabanaud, 1947

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus cadenati
[Ghanian tonguesole]



Eastern Central Atlantic
Max. Length 60 cm TL
Cynoglossus canariensis Steindachner, 1882

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus canariensis
[Canary tonguesole]



Southeast Atlantic
Max. Length 31 cm TL
Cynoglossus capensis (Kaup, 1858)

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Cynoglossus capensis
[Sand tonguefish]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 23 cm TL
Cynoglossus carpenteri Alcock, 1889

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus carpenteri
[Hooked tonguesole]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 20.3 cm SL
Cynoglossus crepida Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani, 2017

Photo by Photo by Golani, D.
 
Cynoglossus crepida
[Bluntnose deepwater tonguesole]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Cynoglossus cynoglossus (Hamilton, 1822)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus cynoglossus
[Bengal tongue sole]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 38.9 cm TL
Cynoglossus dispar Day, 1877

Photo by Photo by Devarapalli, P.
 
Cynoglossus dispar
[Roundhead toungesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 12.9 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus dollfusi
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Cynoglossus dubius Day, 1873

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus dubius
[Carrot tonguesole]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Cynoglossus durbanensis Regan, 1921

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Cynoglossus durbanensis
[Durban tonguesole]



Asia
Max. Length 25 cm SL
Cynoglossus feldmanni (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Photo by WWF / Vidthayanon, C.
 
Cynoglossus feldmanni
[River tonguesole]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 16 cm TL
Cynoglossus gilchristi Regan, 1920

Photo by Photo by SFSA
 
Cynoglossus gilchristi
[Ripplefin tonguesole]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 28 cm SL
Cynoglossus gracilis Günther, 1873

Photo by Photo by CAFS
 
Cynoglossus gracilis
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 25 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus heterolepis
[Freshwater tongue sole]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10.1 cm SL
Cynoglossus interruptus Günther, 1880

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus interruptus
[Genko sole]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm SL
Cynoglossus itinus (Snyder, 1909)

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Cynoglossus itinus
[Speckled tongue sole]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm SL
Cynoglossus joyneri Günther, 1878

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus joyneri
[Red tonguesole]



Asia
Max. Length 28.5 cm SL
Cynoglossus kapuasensis Fowler, 1905

Photo by Photo by Roberts, T.R.
 
Cynoglossus kapuasensis
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 60 cm SL
Cynoglossus kopsii (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cynoglossus kopsii
[Shortheaded tonguesole]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 46 cm TL
Cynoglossus lachneri Menon, 1977

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cynoglossus lachneri
[Lachner's tonguesole]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 21.3 cm SL
Cynoglossus lida (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus lida
[Roughscale tonguesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 22 cm TL

 
Cynoglossus lighti
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 9.9 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus lineolatus
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Cynoglossus lingua Hamilton, 1822

Photo by Photo by Devarapalli, P.
 
Cynoglossus lingua
[Long tongue sole]



Western Central Pacific.

Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman, 1926

Photo by Photo by Dowling, C.
 
Cynoglossus maccullochi
[]



Western Pacific

Cynoglossus macrolepidotus (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Photo by Aqua Trade International
 
Cynoglossus macrolepidotus
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 27.7 cm TL
Cynoglossus macrophthalmus Norman, 1926

Photo by Photo by CSIRO
 
Cynoglossus macrophthalmus
[Big-eyed tongue-sole]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 17.3 cm TL
Cynoglossus macrostomus Norman, 1928

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Cynoglossus macrostomus
[Malabar tonguesole]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Cynoglossus maculipinnis Rendahl, 1921

Photo by Photo by Good, P.
 
Cynoglossus maculipinnis
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Cynoglossus marleyi Regan, 1921

Photo by Photo by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)
 
Cynoglossus marleyi
[Threeline tonguesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 26.4 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus melampetalus
[]



Asia
Max. Length 32.5 cm SL
Cynoglossus microlepis (Bleeker, 1851)

Photo by Photo by Baird, I.G.
 
Cynoglossus microlepis
[Smallscale tonguesole]



Eastern Central Atlantic
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Cynoglossus monodi Chabanaud, 1949

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus monodi
[Guinean tonguesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 18.8 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus monopus
[]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Cynoglossus nigropinnatus Ochiai, 1963

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus nigropinnatus
[]



Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm SL
Cynoglossus ochiaii Yokogawa, endo & Sakaji, 2008

Photo by Photo by Kochi University, Lab. Of Marine Biology, Faculty of Science (BSKU)
 
Cynoglossus ochiaii
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 18.6 cm TL

 
Cynoglossus ogilbyi
[]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 34.2 cm SL
Cynoglossus oligolepis (Bleeker, 1855)

Photo by Photo by Yang, N.-S.
 
Cynoglossus oligolepis
[]
No picture found


 
Cynoglossus pottii
[]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm SL
Cynoglossus puncticeps (Richardson, 1846)

Photo by Photo by Winterbottom, R.
 
Cynoglossus puncticeps
[Speckled tonguesole]



Northwest Pacific.
Max. Length 26.9 cm SL
Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus Regan, 1905

Photo by Photo by Yang, N.-S.
 
Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus
[]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm SL
Cynoglossus robustus Günther, 1873

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus robustus
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 42.6 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus roulei
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 19 cm TL

 
Cynoglossus sealarki
[]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Cynoglossus semifasciatus Day, 1877

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus semifasciatus
[Bengal tonguesole]



Asia
Max. Length 61.1 cm TL
Cynoglossus semilaevis Günther, 1873

Photo by Photo by Kim, I.-S.
 
Cynoglossus semilaevis
[Tongue sole]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 66.5 cm TL
Cynoglossus senegalensis (Kaup, 1858)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus senegalensis
[Senegalese tonguesole]
No picture found

Max. Length 7.7 cm NG

 
Cynoglossus sibogae
[]
No picture found

Max. Length 42.3 cm SL

 
Cynoglossus sinicus
[]



Western Indian Ocean and
Max. Length 17.1 cm TL
Cynoglossus sinusarabici (Chabanaud, 1931)

Photo by Photo by Dafni, J.
 
Cynoglossus sinusarabici
[]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 27.5 cm SL
Cynoglossus suyeni Fowler, 1934

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Cynoglossus suyeni
[]



Asia
Max. Length 30.6 cm SL
Cynoglossus trigrammus Günther, 1862

Photo by Photo by CAFS
 
Cynoglossus trigrammus
[]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Cynoglossus trulla (Cantor, 1849)

Photo by Photo by FAO
 
Cynoglossus trulla
[Macau sole]



Asia
Max. Length 8.3 cm SL
Cynoglossus waandersii (Bleeker, 1854)

Photo by Photo by Roberts, T.R.
 
Cynoglossus waandersii
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 32 cm TL
Cynoglossus zanzibarensis Norman, 1939

Photo by Photo by Le Noury, P.
 
Cynoglossus zanzibarensis
[Zanzibar tonguesole]



63 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Cynoglossus abbreviatus Three-lined tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 31.4 TL 1834
Cynoglossus acaudatus Natal tongue-fish Western Indian Ocean 14 TL 1906
Cynoglossus acutirostris Sharpnose tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 25 TL 1939
Cynoglossus arel Largescale tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 40 TL 1801
Cynoglossus attenuatus Fourline tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 31 TL 1904
Cynoglossus bilineatus Fourlined tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 44 SL 1802
Cynoglossus broadhursti Southern tongue sole Eastern Indian Ocean 24.5 TL 1905
Cynoglossus browni Nigerian tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 40.2 SL 1949
Cynoglossus cadenati Ghanian tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 20 TL 1947
Cynoglossus canariensis Canary tonguesole Eastern Central Atlantic 60 TL 1882
Cynoglossus capensis Sand tonguefish Southeast Atlantic 31 TL 1858
Cynoglossus carpenteri Hooked tonguesole Indian Ocean 23 TL 1889
Cynoglossus crepida Bluntnose deepwater tonguesole Eastern Indian Ocean 20.3 SL 2017
Cynoglossus cynoglossus Bengal tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 20 TL 1822
Cynoglossus dispar Roundhead toungesole Western Indian Ocean 38.9 TL 1877
Cynoglossus dollfusi Western Indian Ocean 12.9 SL 1931
Cynoglossus dubius Carrot tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 50 TL 1873
Cynoglossus durbanensis Durban tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1921
Cynoglossus feldmanni River tonguesole Asia 25 SL 1854
Cynoglossus gilchristi Ripplefin tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 16 TL 1920
Cynoglossus gracilis Northwest Pacific 28 SL 1873
Cynoglossus heterolepis Freshwater tongue sole Asia and Oceania 25 SL 1910
Cynoglossus interruptus Genko sole Northwest Pacific 10.1 SL 1880
Cynoglossus itinus Speckled tongue sole Northwest Pacific 14 SL 1909
Cynoglossus joyneri Red tonguesole Northwest Pacific 24 SL 1878
Cynoglossus kapuasensis Asia 28.5 SL 1905
Cynoglossus kopsii Shortheaded tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 60 SL 1851
Cynoglossus lachneri Lachner's tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 46 TL 1977
Cynoglossus lida Roughscale tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 21.3 SL 1851
Cynoglossus lighti Northwest Pacific 22 TL 1925
Cynoglossus lineolatus Northwest Pacific 9.9 SL 1867
Cynoglossus lingua Long tongue sole Indo-West Pacific 45 TL 1822
Cynoglossus maccullochi Western Central Pacific. 1926
Cynoglossus macrolepidotus Western Pacific 1851
Cynoglossus macrophthalmus Big-eyed tongue-sole Indo-West Pacific 27.7 TL 1926
Cynoglossus macrostomus Malabar tonguesole Indian Ocean 17.3 TL 1928
Cynoglossus maculipinnis Western Pacific 15 TL 1921
Cynoglossus marleyi Threeline tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 35 TL 1921
Cynoglossus melampetalus Asia 26.4 SL 1846
Cynoglossus microlepis Smallscale tonguesole Asia 32.5 SL 1851
Cynoglossus monodi Guinean tonguesole Eastern Central Atlantic 40 TL 1949
Cynoglossus monopus Indo-West Pacific 18.8 SL 1849
Cynoglossus nigropinnatus Northwest Pacific 20 SL 1963
Cynoglossus ochiaii Northwest Pacific 18 SL 2008
Cynoglossus ogilbyi Western Central Pacific 18.6 TL 1926
Cynoglossus oligolepis Western Pacific 34.2 SL 1855
Cynoglossus pottii Western Indian Ocean 1902
Cynoglossus puncticeps Speckled tonguesole Indo-West Pacific 35 SL 1846
Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus Northwest Pacific. 26.9 SL 1905
Cynoglossus robustus Western Pacific 40 SL 1873
Cynoglossus roulei Northwest Pacific 42.6 SL 1932
Cynoglossus sealarki Western Indian Ocean 19 TL 1908
Cynoglossus semifasciatus Bengal tonguesole Indian Ocean 15 TL 1877
Cynoglossus semilaevis Tongue sole Asia 61.1 TL 1873
Cynoglossus senegalensis Senegalese tonguesole Eastern Atlantic 66.5 TL 1858
Cynoglossus sibogae Western Pacific 7.7 NG 1913
Cynoglossus sinicus Asia 42.3 SL 1932
Cynoglossus sinusarabici Western Indian Ocean and 17.1 TL 1931
Cynoglossus suyeni Western Pacific 27.5 SL 1934
Cynoglossus trigrammus Asia 30.6 SL 1862
Cynoglossus trulla Macau sole Western Central Pacific 45 SL 1849
Cynoglossus waandersii Asia 8.3 SL 1854
Cynoglossus zanzibarensis Zanzibar tonguesole Western Indian Ocean 32 TL 1939



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013